Troubleshooting NTFS File System Errors: Common Causes and Solutions

Table of Contents

Understanding the Basics: NTFS File System

Hi there, I’m Tracy. Today, let’s unravel the intricate topic of NTFS File System. For those of you not familiar with the term, NTFS, or New Technology File System, is a file system that the Windows Operating system uses for storing and retrieving files on a hard disk.

A. Brief Description of NTFS File System

NTFS is much more robust and powerful than its predecessors, FAT (File Allocation Table) and HPFS (High-Performance File System), offering improved performance, security, and disk space usage. With its sophisticated system of organizing and storing data, NTFS is the default file system of Windows since the release of Windows NT.

B. Importance of NTFS File System in the OS

The file system is a critical component of any operating system. It determines how data is stored and retrieved on storage devices such as a hard disk drive, SSD drive or memory stick. A reliable file system like NTFS is paramount in maintaining data integrity and efficiency in any Windows environment.

NTFS File System Error: An In-Depth Look

Diving deeper, an NTFS file system error occurs when the file system encounters an issue that it is unable to correct, causing the system to halt or crash.

A. Definition of NTFS File System Error

Any problems with the NTFS file system can result in an error. This could mean anything from loss of data integrity to system instability. These errors are commonly encountered during system boot-up, but they can also occur while the system is running.

B. Frequency and Usual Occurrence of the Error

While not too common, NTFS file system errors do occur occasionally, particularly with aging hard drives and systems. They are typically preceded by system sluggishness, frequent crashes, and delay in read/write operation.

Significance and Impact

These errors pose a risk not only to the stability of your system but also to the integrity of your data.

A. How NTFS File System Error Affects the Computer

The consequences of an NTFS file system error may vary depending on its severity. Sometimes they cause data loss, while other times, they hinder OS stability by causing occasional crashes or total system failure.

B. Consequences if not Treated Promptly

Ignoring and delaying addressing an NTFS file system error can escalate into a full-blown hardware disaster – complete data loss, BSOD (Blue Screen of Death), or even system boot failure.

Types of NTFS File System Errors

This brings us to discuss various types of NTFS file system errors you might encounter.


This error, also known as ‘STOP Error,’ usually culminates in a BSOD and is typically caused by faulty hardware, driver issues, or software incompatibility.

B. NTFS.sys Failed

This is a blue screen error linked to the NTFS.sys system driver file. Corrupt, outdated, or incompatible versions of this file can trigger this error.

C. NTFS Partition Becomes RAW

Sometimes, due to disk errors or corruption, the NTFS partition becomes RAW, and data stored in it becomes inaccessible.

D. Other Common NTFS Errors

Other types of NTFS errors include NTFS Failed to mount volume, NTFS Invalid file handle, and disk errors due to bad sectors.

Common Causes for NTFS File System Errors

Never assume that NTFS file system errors only arise due to a single cause. Any of the following reasons can manifest these errors.

A. Hardware and Software Issues

Faulty or failing hardware components, outdated drivers, or incompatible software can trigger NTFS errors.

B. Virus and Malware Attacks

Viruses and malware can corrupt system files, including those related to NTFS, leading to errors.

C. Power Outages

Sudden power outages can cause disk write errors, which can subsequently lead to system instability and NTFS File System Errors.

D. Bad Sectors on the Disk

Disk errors due to bad sectors can impact the integrity of the NTFS file system, resulting in irregular system performance and errors.

Identifying NTFS File System Error

Before we can repair the problem, we first need to identify the NTFS error. This can be done in two ways.

A. Symptoms of NTFS File System Errors

Typical symptoms include system lagging, frequent system crash, delay in read/write operations and the infamous ‘blue screen of death’ warning.

B. Using Built-In Windows Tools for Error Checking

One simple way to verify NTFS Errors is through Windows’ built-in error checker. You can find it in the Disk Properties -> Tools -> Error Checking.

Fixing NTFS File System Errors: Step-by-Step Guide

Good news! Most NTFS File System Errors are fixable, and I am going to guide you on how to do that.

A. Using CHKDSK Utility in Windows

CHKDSK, or Check Disk, is a built-in Windows tool that can scan your hard disk and correct common errors. To use it, open the command prompt and type ‘chkdsk /f /r’.

B. Utilization of System Restore

System Restore can be another helpful tool if the NTFS error is caused by a recent system, driver, or software change.

C. Running System File Checker

System File Checker, or SFC, is a built-in Windows tool that scans and repairs corrupted system files including those related to NTFS.

D. Reinstalling Windows

While a last resort, reinstalling windows can also help if the NTFS file system error persists.

Preventive Measures for NTFS File System Errors

Prevention is better than cure. Let’s ensure these NTFS errors do not happen in the first place.

A. Regular Scheduled Disk Check

A regular scheduled disk check can help identify and fix NTFS issues before they become serious problems.

B. Maintaining Good System Hygiene

This includes regular updates of your software and drivers, scanning your PC for malware, and maintaining a healthy Hard Disk.

C. Regular Back-up to Prevent Data Loss

You never know when a system error may strike. Regularly backing up your data will ensure the security of your data even if NTFS errors occur.

Closing Remarks and Reflections

A. Recap of the Importance and Management of NTFS Errors

Without a doubt, NTFS errors can pose a challenge. However, with a firm understanding, quick identification, and prompt action, these errors become less daunting. Keep in mind, preventive measures and regular system maintenance will help mitigate the risk of NTFS errors in the future.

B. Encouraging Regular Maintenance and Preventive Actions

Remember, staying proactive about your computer’s health will save you the hassle of dealing with system problems later. Have regular system check-ups, keep your software updated, and always have a back-up of your important files.

And remember, the digital world may seem complicated, but it doesn’t have to be. I’m just an email away if you need any further assistance or have any other tech-related queries. Please don’t hesitate to contact me at

Stay tech-savvy!


[NTFS File System (Microsoft Dev Center)]( [CHKDSK: What It Is and How to Use It (Windows Central)](
[How to Use SFC /Scannow to Repair Windows System Files (Lifewire)](