Unlocking Technical Skills: How to Fix a Laptop Like a Pro

Table of Contents

Understanding Symptoms of a Broken Laptop

Just like humans, laptops can demonstrate symptoms when something isn’t quite right. Let’s examine a few common issues you may encounter.

Recognizing Power Issues

Power issues are a typical symptom of a broken laptop. These can include the device not turning on, the laptop unexpectedly powering off, or the battery not holding a charge.

Diagnosing Display Problems

Another common sign of distress is display problems. This may manifest as a flickering screen, a screen with lines across it, a very dim display, or even a completely black screen where nothing is visible.

Identifying Sound Issues

Sound issues can range from no sound at all coming from your speakers, buzzing or static noise, or distorted audio.

Spotting Problems with the Keyboard and Mouse

Problems with the keyboard and mouse can range from sticky keys, unresponsive keys, or a touchpad that isn’t responsive.

Discovering Software Glitches

Software glitches can be incredibly frustrating. These can take numerous forms, such as slow performance, frequent crashing, or malfunctioning applications.

Basic Troubleshooting Steps

Now that we’ve identified the symptoms, let’s move on to some basic troubleshooting steps you can take before calling in professional help.

Restarting the Laptop

Sometimes, the easiest fix is a simple reboot of the laptop. This can correct minor software issues that could be causing performance problems.

Running Antivirus Software

If you’re experiencing unusual behaviour, running a full antivirus scan might resolve your issues. Malware or viruses can cause a range of performance issues.

Updating Drivers

Out of date drivers might be responsible for a number of issues. Regularly updating your drivers can ensure your laptop runs as smoothly as possible.

Checking Internet Connection

If you’re having trouble connecting to the internet or experiencing slow browsing speeds, the issue might be your connectivity. Try reconnecting to your network or restarting your router.

Ways to Fix Common Problems

Sometimes, basic troubleshooting doesn’t resolve the issue. In these cases, more extensive fixes may be necessary.

Replacing Damaged Hardware

If you suspect the issue is due to faulty hardware, such as a failing hard drive or faulty memory, it might be necessary to replace these components.

Fixing Operating System Issues

If you’re experiencing persistent issues, it might be necessary to repair or reinstall your operating system.

Remedying Network and Connectivity Issues

If you’re having trouble with your internet connection, there could be a range of issues causing it. Some common fixes include updating your network drivers, resetting your network settings, or using a wired rather than wireless connection.

Curing Audio and Video Issues

Persistent audio and video issues can often be resolved by updating your audio and video drivers. If this doesn’t work, it might be necessary to replace your speakers or display.

Resolving Battery and Power Issues

If your laptop isn’t holding a charge, or isn’t turning on, it might be necessary to replace the battery or power cord.

Performing a System Restore or Factory Reset

If you’ve tried everything else and still aren’t having any luck, it might be time to consider a system restore or factory reset.

Backing up Essential Data

Before you start, make sure you have a backup of all your important data, as a system restore or factory reset will delete everything on your hard drive.

Performing a System Restore

A system restore essentially rolls your computer back to an earlier point in time, often fixing any issues that have arisen.

Conducting a Factory Reset

A factory reset will restore your laptop to its original factory settings. This is the most extreme solution and should only be used as a last resort.

Take to a Professional if Necessary

If you’ve tried everything and still can’t fix the issue, it might be time to seek professional help.

Determining when to Seek Professional Help

If you’ve gone through all of these steps and still can’t fix your laptop, or if you’re uncomfortable trying to fix it yourself, it’s time to find a professional.

Choosing a Reliable Repair Shop

It’s important to choose a reliable repair shop. Look for one with good reviews and a strong reputation for customer service.

Understanding the Repair Process

When you take your laptop to a professional, they’ll likely run a series of diagnostics to determine the issue, then provide you with repair options.

Best Practices to Avoid Future Laptop Issues

To avoid future issues, there are a few best practices you can adopt.

Regular updates of software

Keeping your software up to date can prevent many issues before they even start.

Using Antivirus Protection

Installing and maintaining a reputable antivirus software can protect your laptop from malicious software.

Regular Cleaning

Regularly cleaning your laptop, both inside and out, can prolong its lifespan and keep it running smoothly.

Proper Handling and Storage

Taking care of your laptop, including proper handling and storage, can prevent many issues.

Recap of Steps to Successfully Repair a Laptop

In recap, fixing a laptop requires understanding the symptoms, performing basic troubleshooting, fixing common problems, conducting a system restore, or resetting the laptop to factory settings. If necessary, do not hesitate to take your laptop to a professional.


  • Identify symptoms of a broken laptop such as power issues, display and sound problems, unresponsive keys, or software glitches.
  • Perform basic troubleshooting such as restarting your machine, running antivirus software, updating drivers, and checking internet connection.
  • For common problems, it might be necessary to replace damaged hardware, fix OS issues, remedy network and connectivity issues, cure audio and video problems, or resolve power and battery issues.
  • If all attempts fail, perform a system restore or factory reset after backing up essential data.
  • If still unsuccessful, seek professional help while choosing a reliable repair shop.
  • Avoid future laptop issues by regularly updating software, using antivirus protection, cleaning regularly, and handling the laptop properly.