Understanding What Does Overclocking GPU Do: The Complete Guide

Table of Contents


Every PC user at one point has asked themselves, What does overclocking GPU do? In this article, our aim is to provide a complete guide on GPU overclocking.

The Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) is a special type of processor in your computer, designed to handle graphics-intensive tasks such as games, image rendering, and video editing. Overclocking, on the other hand, is a method of speeding up the computer’s components beyond the manufacturer’s preset limits.

With this article, we aim to provide a clearer understanding of GPU overclocking, its advantages, and risks involved.

What is Overclocking GPU?

Explanation of Overclocking

Overclocking refers to the process of increasing the clock speed of a computer component. In this context, we are talking about increasing the speed of a Graphics Processing Unit (GPU). So, when we ask the question What does overclocking GPU do?, it pertains to the act of enhancing the processing speed of your GPU beyond its stock speed.

GPU Performance

A GPU’s performance is mainly dictated by its clock speed. This value dictates how many operations the GPU can perform in a given second. Hence, overclocking the GPU can lead to significant performance improvements.

Effects on Performance

The effects of GPU overclocking on performance can be quite noticeable. It can lead to smoother motion and higher frame rates in games, speed up rendering times in photo and video editing applications, and accelerate computation in software that can utilize GPU power.

Reasons to Overclock GPU

Smooth Gaming Experience

One of the top reasons why people overclock their GPUs is to obtain a smoother gaming experience. Overclocking enables the GPU to process more frames per second, yielding smoother gameplay and improved responsiveness.

Enhance Video/Photo Editing

Professional videographers and photographers often resort to overclocking their GPUs to shorten the rendering times and allow for smoother editing processes.

Drive High-End Software

Overclocking can be beneficial for running high-end software applications that require excessive processing power. It provides the extra speed that these applications need to perform efficiently.

How to Overclock GPU

Understanding Safe Limits

Before overclocking your GPU, understand its safe limits. Pushing the GPU beyond its limits can cause overheating and could damage the GPU.

Software Optimization

Use overclocking software such as MSI Afterburner to optimize your GPU’s performance. It offers a user-friendly interface through which you can gradually increase your GPU’s core clock rate.

Cooling Mechanisms

Effective cooling mechanisms are crucial as overclocking generates additional heat. Make sure your PC case has enough ventilation and consider adding a third-party cooler for optimal results.

Risks of Overclocking GPU

Increased Power Consumption

Overclocked GPUs consume more power which can lead to a rise in electricity bills and demands on your PC’s power supply.

Overheating and Damage

Pushing a GPU beyond its limits can lead to overheating, which in turn can degrade its lifespan or even damage it outright.

Voiding Warranty

Overclocking can void manufacturer’s warranty as it is usually considered a form of misuse of the hardware.


While overclocking a GPU has its potential advantages, such as enhanced gaming and software performance, it also comes with risks. Overheating, increased power consumption, and possibly voiding the warranty are all factors to consider. In conclusion, before overclocking, understanding What does overclocking GPU do? is vital for making an educated decision.


What does overclocking GPU do?

Overclocking a GPU increases its operating speed, enhancing its performance and potentially making games and applications run smoother and faster.

Is overclocking safe?

Overclocking is safe within the GPU’s capabilities. However, pushing it beyond its limit can lead to overheating, increased power consumption, and potential voiding the warranty.

Does overclocking shorten GPU lifespan?

If done improperly, overclocking can lead to an electrified and overheated GPU, which may shorten its lifespan.

Does overclocking improve gaming?

Yes, overclocking can increase frame rates and reduce game stuttering, leading to a better gaming experience.

Should I overclock my GPU?

Whether or not you should overclock your GPU depends on your need for increased performance and your willingness to potentially face the risks associated with overclocking.